Explosions à Beyrouth: plus de 100 morts et 300’000 sans-abri

Selon le gouverneur de la capitale libanaise, les dommages causés par les explosions de mardi s’étendent à près de la moitié de Beyrouth et jusqu’à 300’000 personnes se retrouvent sans domicile. Au moins 113 personnes ont perdu la vie.
05 août 2020, 12:17
/ Màj. le 05 août 2020 à 17:42
Jusqu'à 300.000 personnes se retrouvent sans domicile mercredi à Beyrouth, au lendemain des explosions qui ont secoué le port, a indiqué le gouverneur de la capitale.

Plus de 100 morts, des milliers de blessés et de nombreux disparus: les Libanais restent abasourdis mercredi au lendemain des énormes explosions causées par des tonnes de nitrate d’ammonium stockées au port de Beyrouth, qui ont dévasté des quartiers entiers.

A lire aussi : Liban: Beyrouth en deuil au lendemain des explosions qui ont fait plus de 100 morts

«La situation est apocalyptique, Beyrouth n’a jamais connu ça de son histoire», a lancé le gouverneur de Beyrouth, Marwan Abboud, qui avait éclaté en sanglots mardi devant les caméras dans le port dévasté. Jusqu’à 300’000 personnes sont sans domicile, a-t-il dit.

La situation est apocalyptique, Beyrouth n’a jamais connu ça de son histoire.
Marwan Abboud, gouverneur de Beyrouth

Selon un dernier bilan provisoire du ministre de la santé Hamad Hassan, au moins 113 personnes ont été tuées et plus de 4000 blessées. «Il y a certainement encore (des victimes) sous les décombres et nous recevons des dizaines d’appels pour des disparus», a-t-il dit à des journalistes en marge d’une réunion du gouvernement.

Etat d’urgence

L’état d’urgence a été décrété pendant deux semaines après la double explosion présentée comme accidentelle par les autorités. Le gouvernement cherche également à «assigner à domicile les responsables».

 

 

Au milieu des ruines, les secouristes ont poursuivi leurs recherches pour trouver d’éventuels survivants. Une centaine de pompiers spécialisés ont été dépêchés par l’Union européenne pour les aider.

D’après les autorités, quelque 2750 tonnes de nitrate d’ammonium, stockées «sans mesures de précaution» au port, sont à l’origine de la puissance des déflagrations, les pires vécues par la capitale libanaise, malgré son histoire tourmentée.

Le gouverneur de Beyrouth a estimé les dommages à plus de trois milliards de dollars.

Colère

Sur les réseaux sociaux, les appels de citoyens libanais se sont multipliés pour réclamer la démission de l’ensemble des dirigeants du pays, rendus responsables de cette tragédie, alors que la classe politique est accusée depuis longtemps de corruption et d’incompétence.

C’est votre lâcheté et votre négligence qui ont tué les gens.
Marcel Ghanem, journaliste

«Partez tous! (…) Vous êtes corrompus, négligents, destructeurs, immoraux. Vous êtes des lâches. C’est votre lâcheté et votre négligence qui ont tué les gens», a lancé un journaliste connu, Marcel Ghanem, dont l’émission télévisée jouit d’une grande audience. Le hashtag «Pendez-les» circule, lui, sur Twitter.

Ville «sinistrée»

Au port, quasi-détruit, les conteneurs ressemblent à des boîtes de conserve tordues, les voitures sont calcinées, le sol jonché de papiers provenant de bureaux soufflés par l’explosion. Les déflagrations ont soufflé les vitres des habitations dans la plupart des quartiers de Beyrouth et de sa banlieue.

 

 

La FAO craint à brève échéance un problème de disponibilité de farine pour le Liban, des silos de céréales installés près du port ayant été éventrés.

Trois jours de deuil national ont été décrétés. Les autorités ont proclamé Beyrouth «ville sinistrée» et appelé à l’aide. «Il est inadmissible qu’une cargaison de nitrate d’ammonium, estimée à 2750 tonnes, soit présente depuis six ans dans un entrepôt, sans mesures de précaution. C’est inacceptable et nous ne pouvons pas nous taire», a dit le Premier ministre Hassan Diab.

Aide internationale

Le nitrate d’ammonium, substance entrant dans la composition de certains engrais mais aussi d’explosifs, est utilisé comme base de nombreux engrais azotés. Il a causé plusieurs accidents industriels dont l’explosion de l’usine AZF à Toulouse en France en 2001 (31 morts, 8000 blessés).

A lire aussi : Beyrouth: le nitrate d’ammonium, engrais explosif depuis toujours

Selon une source des services de sécurité, le nitrate d’ammonium avait été saisi sur un bateau il y a six ans et entreposé dans un hangar, «sans aucun suivi».

De nombreux pays ont proposé leur aide, notamment la France, dont le président Emmanuel Macron, sera au Liban jeudi, sa première visite comme chef d’Etat. Paris doit envoyer plusieurs tonnes de matériel sanitaire et un détachement de la sécurité civile au Liban. Les Etats-Unis ont aussi proposé leur aide, de même que des pays du Golfe. La Suisse enverra jeudi une dizaine d’experts.

A lire aussi : Explosions à Beyrouth: la Suisse envoie une équipe d’experts pour soutenir l’ambassade

Pour les Libanais, ces explosions sont la catastrophe de trop. Ce drame survient alors que le Liban connaît sa pire crise économique depuis des décennies, marquée par une dépréciation inédite de sa monnaie, une hyperinflation, des licenciements massifs et des restrictions bancaires drastiques

epa08584634 A damaged building in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, 05 August 2020. According to media reports, at least 100 people were killed and more than 4,000 were injured after an explosion, caused by over 2,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse, devastated the port area on 04 August. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH
epa08584634 A damaged building in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, 05 August 2020. According to media reports, at least 100 people were killed and more than 4,000 were injured after an explosion, caused by over 2,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse, devastated the port area on 04 August. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH ©KEYSTONE
People run in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2020. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
People run in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2020. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar) ©KEYSTONE
epa08584301 Lebanese firefighters work at the scene of explosion at the Beirut Port, Beirut, Lebanon, 04 August 2020. Dozens of people were killed and at least 2,500 injured in the explosion which also caused severe damage, while its cause is not yet known. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH
epa08584301 Lebanese firefighters work at the scene of explosion at the Beirut Port, Beirut, Lebanon, 04 August 2020. Dozens of people were killed and at least 2,500 injured in the explosion which also caused severe damage, while its cause is not yet known. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH ©KEYSTONE
A damage is seen after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
A damage is seen after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar) ©KEYSTONE
epa08584677 A damaged building in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, 05 August 2020. According to media reports, at least 100 people were killed and more than 4,000 were injured after an explosion, caused by over 2,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse, devastated the port area on 04 August. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH
epa08584677 A damaged building in the aftermath of a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, 05 August 2020. According to media reports, at least 100 people were killed and more than 4,000 were injured after an explosion, caused by over 2,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse, devastated the port area on 04 August. EPA/WAEL HAMZEH ©KEYSTONE
This photo shows a general view of the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. A massive explosion rocked Beirut on Tuesday, flattening much of the city's port, damaging buildings across the capital and sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
This photo shows a general view of the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. A massive explosion rocked Beirut on Tuesday, flattening much of the city's port, damaging buildings across the capital and sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein) ©Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
People inspect a damaged gas station near the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. A massive explosion rocked Beirut on Tuesday, flattening much of the city's port, damaging buildings across the capital and sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
People inspect a damaged gas station near the scene of an explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. A massive explosion rocked Beirut on Tuesday, flattening much of the city's port, damaging buildings across the capital and sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein) ©KEYSTONE
Lebanese soldiers search for survivors after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
Lebanese soldiers search for survivors after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar) ©KEYSTONE
A man stands in a damaged apartment as he looks out at the scene of a massive explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Residents of Beirut awoke to a scene of utter devastation on Wednesday, a day after a massive explosion at the port sent shock waves across the Lebanese capital, killing at least 100 people and wounding thousands. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
A man stands in a damaged apartment as he looks out at the scene of a massive explosion that hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Residents of Beirut awoke to a scene of utter devastation on Wednesday, a day after a massive explosion at the port sent shock waves across the Lebanese capital, killing at least 100 people and wounding thousands. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla) ©Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
A Lebanese army helicopter flies over the scene where an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Prime Minister Hassan Diab, in a short televised speech, has appealed to all countries and friends of Lebanon to extend help to the small nation, saying: "We are witnessing a real catastrophe." (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
A Lebanese army helicopter flies over the scene where an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Prime Minister Hassan Diab, in a short televised speech, has appealed to all countries and friends of Lebanon to extend help to the small nation, saying: "We are witnessing a real catastrophe." (AP Photo/Hussein Malla) ©KEYSTONE
A survivor is taken out of the rubble after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
A survivor is taken out of the rubble after a massive explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said.(AP Photo/Hassan Ammar) ©KEYSTONE
A man removes religious icons from the floor of a damaged church a day after an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Residents of Beirut awoke to a scene of utter devastation on Wednesday, a day after a massive explosion at the port sent shock waves across the Lebanese capital, killing dozens of people and wounding thousands. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla)
A man removes religious icons from the floor of a damaged church a day after an explosion hit the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. Residents of Beirut awoke to a scene of utter devastation on Wednesday, a day after a massive explosion at the port sent shock waves across the Lebanese capital, killing dozens of people and wounding thousands. (AP Photo/Hussein Malla) ©KEYSTONE
People inspect their car that was damaged in Tuesday's massive explosion in the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein)
People inspect their car that was damaged in Tuesday's massive explosion in the seaport of Beirut, Lebanon, Wednesday, Aug. 5, 2020. The explosion flattened much of a port and damaged buildings across Beirut, sending a giant mushroom cloud into the sky. In addition to those who died, more than 3,000 other people were injured, with bodies buried in the rubble, officials said. (AP Photo/Bilal Hussein) ©KEYSTONE