Le putsch en Turquie avorte, 161 morts, 1'440 blessés dont un Suisse

La tentative de coup d'État en Turquie a été mise en échec selon le gouvernement. 161 personnes ont perdu la vie, sans compter une centaine de putschistes que l'État n'inclut pas dans son bilan. Un Suisse a été blessé.
16 juil. 2016, 12:36
/ Màj. le 16 juil. 2016 à 13:13
Le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan exhortait la foule à rester dans les rues pour faire face à une éventuelle "nouvelle flambée".

 L'armée turque a annoncé samedi matin la fin de la tentative de putsch de la part de militaires rebelles, qui a fait plus de 200 morts. Mais le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan exhortait la foule à rester dans les rues pour faire face à une éventuelle "nouvelle flambée".

Le coup d'Etat avorté en Turquie, mené dans la nuit par des militaires rebelles, a fait 161 tués et 1440 blessés, dont un Suisse, sans compter les putschistes. L'armée a annoncé que 104 putschistes avaient été abattus, portant le total des morts à près de 200.

Le Premier ministre Binali Yildirim, qui s'exprimait devant la presse à Ankara, a indiqué que 2839 militaires avaient été arrêtés en lien avec cette tentative, qu'il a qualifiée de "tache" sur la démocratie turque. La situation est "entièrement sous contrôle", a-t-il ajouté.

Malgré cette annonce, le président Erdogan a demandé aux Turcs de rester dans les rues. "Nous devons continuer à être maîtres des rues (...) car une nouvelle flambée est toujours possible", a-t-il déclaré sur Twitter.

Scènes de violence inédites

Les affrontements, avec avions de chasse et chars, ont donné lieu à des scènes de violence inédites à Ankara et Istanbul depuis des décennies.

Des dizaines de milliers de personnes, brandissant souvent des drapeaux turcs, ont bravé les militaires rebelles, grimpant sur les chars déployés dans les rues ou se rendant à l'aéroport d'Istanbul pour accueillir M. Erdogan. Le président a dû rentrer précipitamment de vacances dans la mégalopole dont il fut longtemps maire et qui est son fief.

C'est peu avant minuit (23h00 en Suisse) qu'un communiqué des "forces armées turques" avait annoncé la proclamation de la loi martiale et d'un couvre-feu dans tout le pays, après des déploiements de troupes notamment à Istanbul et dans la capitale Ankara.

Appel à la population

Les putschistes ont justifié leur "prise de pouvoir totale" par la nécessité d'"assurer et restaurer l'ordre constitutionnel, la démocratie, les droits de l'Homme et les libertés et laisser la loi suprême du pays prévaloir".

Parallèlement, M. Erdogan, cible ces dernières années de nombreuses critiques l'accusant de dérive autoritaire, a accusé les soldats rebelles d'être liés à son ennemi juré l'imam Fethullah Gülen, un ancien allié exilé depuis des années aux États-Unis.

Prise d'otage

Dans la foulée, le chef d'état-major de l'armée turque a été pris otage au quartier général de l'armée. Il est délivré au petit matin. Mais de nombreux hauts responsables militaires s'étaient désolidarisés publiquement dans la nuit des putschistes, dénonçant "un acte illégal" et appelant les rebelles regagner leurs casernes.

Le général Umit Dündar, chef de l'armée turque par intérim, a promis "de nettoyer l'armée des membres de structures parallèles", dans une référence évidente aux fidèles de M. Gülen.

Samedi au petit matin, des dizaines de soldats se rendaient aux forces de sécurité sur un des ponts sur le Bosphore à Istanbul, où les rebelles avaient dans la nuit ouvert le feu sur des civils.

Session extraordinaire

Alors que des tirs sporadiques résonnaient encore dans certains quartiers d'Istanbul et Ankara, le Parlement turc s'est réuni en session extraordinaire. Peu de députés étaient présents.

Dans la capitale, un avion avait largué tôt samedi une bombe près du palais présidentiel, aux abords duquel des avions de chasse F-16 ont bombardé des chars de rebelles, selon la présidence, et M. Erdogan a déclaré que l'hôtel où il se trouvait en vacances avait été bombardé après son départ.

Les condamnations internationales se sont multipliées contre ce que le Premier ministre Binali Yildirim a qualifié de tentative "idiote", "vouée à l'échec".

epa05427111 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427111 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427127 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU
epa05427127 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU ©KEYSTONE
epa05427119 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427119 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epaselect epa05427080 Turkish soldiers block the Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, 15 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498
epaselect epa05427080 Turkish soldiers block the Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, 15 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498 EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498 ©KEYSTONE
epa05427104 Supporters of Recep Tayyip Erdogan take a selfie at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427104 Supporters of Recep Tayyip Erdogan take a selfie at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427146 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/CEM TURKEL
epa05427146 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/CEM TURKEL ©KEYSTONE
epa05427136 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU
epa05427136 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU ©KEYSTONE
epa05427153 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427153 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427122 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427122 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427106 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427106 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427107 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427107 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427154 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan take pictures on a street at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427154 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan take pictures on a street at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427177 People run and hiding because Turkish army Jets fly over sky close the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427177 People run and hiding because Turkish army Jets fly over sky close the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427201 People run and hide as Turkish army Jets fly above the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/CEM TURKEL
epa05427201 People run and hide as Turkish army Jets fly above the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/CEM TURKEL ©KEYSTONE