Turquie: le pouvoir disposait peut-être d'une liste préexistante d'individus à arrêter

Après le putsch raté de vendredi soir, des milliers de militaires, juges et procureurs ont été arrêtés par le pouvoir turc. Environ 8000 policiers ont également été limogés. L'hypothèse d'une liste préexistante de personnes à arrêter pourrait expliquer la rapidité avec laquelle ces individus ont été identifiés.
18 juil. 2016, 09:44
/ Màj. le 18 juil. 2016 à 09:55
Près de 300 personnes sont décédées dans les affrontements entre putschistes et partisans du président Erdogan.

L'arrestation rapide d'un grand nombre de magistrats après l'échec du putsch de vendredi soir en Turquie laisse penser que le gouvernement disposait, au préalable, d'une liste à cette fin. Le commissaire européen à l'Elargissement, Johannes Hahn, l'a estimé lundi.

Depuis samedi, les autorités ont placé en détention près de 3000 militaires putschistes, allant du simple soldat aux généraux, ainsi qu'un nombre équivalent de juges et de procureurs.

"On a au moins l'impression que quelque chose avait été préparé. Les listes sont disponibles, ce qui laisse penser que cela était préparé pour servir à un moment ou un autre", a ajouté Johannes Hahn.

"Je suis très préoccupé. C'est exactement ce que nous redoutions", continue le commissaire qui, de par ses attributions, s'occupe de la candidature de la Turquie à l'UE.

Federica Mogherini, la haute Représentante de l'Union européenne pour la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune, a demandé pour sa part au gouvernement turc de ne pas prendre de mesures qui contreviendraient à l'ordre constitutionnelle.

"Nous avons été les premiers(...)durant la tragique nuit, à dire que les institutions légitimes devaient être protégées", a-t-elle déclaré à la presse à son arrivée pour une réunion de crise des ministres des Affaires étrangères de l'UE, à Bruxelles.

"Nous disons aujourd'hui que l'Etat de droit doit être préservé dans le pays", a-t-elle ajouté en estimant que le pouvoir turc n'a "aucun prétexte pour prendre quelque mesure qui éloignerait le pays de ce cap".

8000 policiers limogés

Huit mille policiers ont été mis à pied dans l'ensemble de la Turquie, dont Istanbul et la capitale Ankara, du fait de leurs liens présumés avec le putsch manqué de vendredi soir. Un haut responsable turc l'a déclaré lundi.

Près de 3000 militaires et autant de juges et de procureurs ont d'ores et déjà été placés en détention provisoire dans la foulée du putsch avorté.

epa05427111 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427111 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427127 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU
epa05427127 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU ©KEYSTONE
epa05427119 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427119 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epaselect epa05427080 Turkish soldiers block the Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, 15 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498
epaselect epa05427080 Turkish soldiers block the Bosphorus bridge in Istanbul, Turkey, 15 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498 EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU *** Local Caption *** 51549498 ©KEYSTONE
epa05427104 Supporters of Recep Tayyip Erdogan take a selfie at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427104 Supporters of Recep Tayyip Erdogan take a selfie at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427146 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/CEM TURKEL
epa05427146 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/CEM TURKEL ©KEYSTONE
epa05427136 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU
epa05427136 People occupy a tank in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/TOLGA BOZOGLU ©KEYSTONE
epa05427153 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427153 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427122 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427122 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427106 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427106 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan shout slogans at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427107 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427107 Turkish soldiers stand guard at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427154 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan take pictures on a street at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427154 Supporters of President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan take pictures on a street at the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427177 People run and hiding because Turkish army Jets fly over sky close the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/SEDAT SUNA
epa05427177 People run and hiding because Turkish army Jets fly over sky close the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/SEDAT SUNA ©KEYSTONE
epa05427201 People run and hide as Turkish army Jets fly above the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control.  EPA/CEM TURKEL
epa05427201 People run and hide as Turkish army Jets fly above the Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey, 16 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. The Turkish military meanwhile stated it had taken over control. EPA/CEM TURKEL ©KEYSTONE