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Plus de 200 morts dans le séisme qui a touché l'Afghanistan et les pays voisins

Un violent séisme de 7,7 degrés sur l'échelle de Richter secoue l'Afghanistan et les pays voisins. En Afghanistan, le bilan atteignait 33 morts. Les premiers bilans sont plus importants au Pakistan voisin, avec au moins 152 victimes.
26 oct. 2015, 10:56
/ Màj. le 26 oct. 2015 à 18:15
Des blessés amenés par des proches dans les hôpitaux dans le nord du Pakistan.

Des centaines d'autres personnes ont été blessées par la secousse, particulièrement longue. Le tremblement de terre a poussé des milliers de gens à se précipiter dans les rues en Inde, en Afghanistan, au Pakistan et au Tadjikistan.

Selon l'Institut américain de géologie (USGS), l'hypocentre du séisme se situe à Jurm, dans les montagnes reculées du Badakhshan, à l'extrême nord-est de l'Afghanistan. Il a été localisé à une profondeur de 213,5 km.

En Afghanistan, le bilan atteignait 63 morts, dont trente dans le Kunar (est), neuf dans le Badakhshan, dix au Nangarhar (est du pays) et deux dans la province de Baghlan, en plus des douze écolières. Mais ce chiffre est susceptible d'augmenter, ont averti les autorités. Les premiers bilans sont plus importants au Pakistan voisin, avec au moins 152 victimes, selon un décompte fourni par les autorités locales et provinciales. L'armée a confirmé le décès de 123 personnes et indiqué que plus de 950 individus avaient été blessés.

L'armée pakistanaise a été mobilisée. Tous les hôpitaux militaires ont été placés en état d'alerte et des hélicoptères ainsi que des équipements spécialisés étaient en cours de préparation. Le bilan pourrait aussi s'alourdir, a prévenu le chef du gouvernement provincial de Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Il s'agit de l'une des régions les plus touchées du pays.

Au moins une réplique

"Je n'ai jamais ressenti un si puissant tremblement de terre", dit Mohammad Rehman, 87 ans, qui vit à Peshawar (nord-ouest du Pakistan). "C'était vraiment énorme".

En Afghanistan, la panique qui a saisi des écolières à Talogan dans la province de Takhar, au moment du séisme, a provoqué la mort de 12 d'entre elles. Et 35 autres ont été blessées. Les petites filles "se sont précipitées pour sortir de l'école et cela a provoqué une bousculade" mortelle, a déclaré Enayat Naweed, directeur du département de l'Education de la province.

L'accès aux zones sinistrées est d'autant plus difficile que la province voisine du Badakhshan est montagneuse et les hameaux touchés souvent isolés. En outre, les rebelles talibans y combattent les troupes gouvernementales et rendent la situation sécuritaire très instable.

Métro indien à l'arrêt

En Inde, la secousse a temporairement interrompu le métro de New Delhi. Le réseau de téléphonie mobile a été coupé et le trafic s'est immobilisé dans la rue. Le tremblement de terre a été ressenti jusqu'en Asie centrale.

L'Afghanistan est régulièrement touché par ce phénomène. A cheval entre ce pays et le Pakistan, la chaîne de montagnes de l'Hindu Kush se trouve sur la ligne de faille entre les plaques tectoniques indienne et eurasienne.

 

epa04996927 People react following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015.  A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded.  Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB
epa04996927 People react following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB ©KEYSTONE
epa04996941 People carry a girl who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake,  to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded.  Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB
epa04996941 People carry a girl who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB ©KEYSTONE
epa04997032 Pakistanis survey houses that collapsed following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in the Khyber Agency near the Afghan border, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 90 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/WALI KHAN SHINWARI
epa04997032 Pakistanis survey houses that collapsed following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in the Khyber Agency near the Afghan border, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 90 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/WALI KHAN SHINWARI ©KEYSTONE
A Pakistani man holding his son waits for medical help at a local hospital in Mingora, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Naveed Ali)
A Pakistani man holding his son waits for medical help at a local hospital in Mingora, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Naveed Ali) ©KEYSTONE
epa04997031 Pakistanis survey houses that collapsed following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in the Khyber Agency near the Afghan border, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 90 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/WALI KHAN SHINWARI
epa04997031 Pakistanis survey houses that collapsed following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in the Khyber Agency near the Afghan border, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 90 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/WALI KHAN SHINWARI ©KEYSTONE
Afghan school girls are  treated at a hospital after an earthquake in Takhar province, northeast of Kabul, Afghanistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. In Afghanistan's Takhar province, west of Badakhshan, at least 12 students at a girls' school were killed in a stampede as they tried to get out of the shaking buildings, a local official says. Sonatullah Taimor, the spokesman for the Takhar provincial governor, says another 30 girls have been taken to the hospital in the provincial capital of Taluqan. (AP Photo/Zalmai Ashna)
Afghan school girls are treated at a hospital after an earthquake in Takhar province, northeast of Kabul, Afghanistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. In Afghanistan's Takhar province, west of Badakhshan, at least 12 students at a girls' school were killed in a stampede as they tried to get out of the shaking buildings, a local official says. Sonatullah Taimor, the spokesman for the Takhar provincial governor, says another 30 girls have been taken to the hospital in the provincial capital of Taluqan. (AP Photo/Zalmai Ashna) ©KEYSTONE
epa04997042 A woman who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, is rushed to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded.  Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB
epa04997042 A woman who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, is rushed to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB ©KEYSTONE
epa04997040 People carry a man who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake,  to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015.  A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded.  Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB  EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB
epa04997040 People carry a man who was injured in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, to a hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India as well. At least 69 people were killed in Pakistan, 20 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB EPA/ARSHAD ARBAB ©KEYSTONE
People injured in an earthquake receive treatment at a local hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad)
People injured in an earthquake receive treatment at a local hospital in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad) ©KEYSTONE
epa04997123 People pass by a road hit by landslide following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistani administered Kashmir, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. According to media reports, death toll from the 7.7 magnitude earthquake that hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range rose to over 100 people.  EPA/AMIRUDDIN MUGHAL  EPA/AMIRUDDIN MUGHAL
epa04997123 People pass by a road hit by landslide following a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Muzaffarabad, the capital of Pakistani administered Kashmir, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. According to media reports, death toll from the 7.7 magnitude earthquake that hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range rose to over 100 people. EPA/AMIRUDDIN MUGHAL EPA/AMIRUDDIN MUGHAL ©KEYSTONE
A Pakistani carries a man who was injured from an earthquake in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad)
A Pakistani carries a man who was injured from an earthquake in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad) ©KEYSTONE
People stand near a car damaged from an earthquake in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad)
People stand near a car damaged from an earthquake in Peshawar, Pakistan, Monday, Oct. 26, 2015. A powerful 7.7-magnitude earthquake in northern Afghanistan rocked cities across South Asia. Strong tremors were felt in Kabul, New Delhi and Islamabad on Monday. In the Pakistani capital, walls swayed back and forth and people poured out of office buildings in a panic, reciting verses from the Quran. (AP Photo/Mohammad Sajjad) ©KEYSTONE
epa04997180 Local residents survey the collapsed houses following 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Kohat, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 132 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 74 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/BASIT GILANI
epa04997180 Local residents survey the collapsed houses following 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Kohat, Pakistan, 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Pakistan and India. At least 132 people are believed to have been killed, mostly in the Peshawar region of Pakistan, 74 in Afghanistan and hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India, including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/BASIT GILANI ©KEYSTONE
epa04997183 An Afghan repairs his roof damaged in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Badakhshan, Afghanistan 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. At least 132 people were killed in Pakistan, 73 in Afghanistan with hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system.  EPA/MUHAMMAD SHARIF
epa04997183 An Afghan repairs his roof damaged in a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Badakhshan, Afghanistan 26 October 2015. A strong earthquake with a magnitude of 7.7 hit northern Afghanistan's Hindu Kush mountain range causing damage in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India. At least 132 people were killed in Pakistan, 73 in Afghanistan with hundreds wounded. Tremors were felt in northern India including the capital New Delhi, causing thousands of people to evacuate buildings. Authorities also closed the underground train system. EPA/MUHAMMAD SHARIF ©KEYSTONE
epa04996875 Afghans check the damage to the walls of their home after a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Kabul, Afghanistan, 26 October 2015. A 7.7 magnitude earthquake hit Pakistan and Afghanistan, killing at least 47 people and injuring hundreds in Pakistan, while 12 school girls were killed during a stampede following earthquake in Takhar, Afghanistan.  EPA/JAWAD JALALI
epa04996875 Afghans check the damage to the walls of their home after a 7.7 magnitude earthquake, in Kabul, Afghanistan, 26 October 2015. A 7.7 magnitude earthquake hit Pakistan and Afghanistan, killing at least 47 people and injuring hundreds in Pakistan, while 12 school girls were killed during a stampede following earthquake in Takhar, Afghanistan. EPA/JAWAD JALALI ©KEYSTONE