Genève: des milliers de spectateurs fêtent l'Escalade

A Genève, le succès populaire du traditionnel cortège de l'Escalade ne se dément pas. Dimanche, des milliers de personnes ont bravé le froid et se sont rassemblées au centre-ville pour voir passer le plus grand défilé historique d'Europe.
12 déc. 2016, 09:00
/ Màj. le 12 déc. 2016 à 14:26
Le Cortège de l'Escalade avec ce symbole de la résistance genevoise face aux Savoyards. Charles-Emmanuel Ier, le Duc de Savoie avait été défait dans la nuit du 11 au 12 décembre 1602.

La manifestation costumée genevoise, à laquelle participent près de 800 figurants et une soixantaine de chevaux, clôt trois jours de célébrations dans les rues de la vieille ville. La fête de "l'Escalade" commémore la victoire militaire, en 1602, de la Genève protestante sur les troupes de mercenaires de la très catholique Savoie.

La bataille s'est déroulée du 11 au 12 décembre 1602, en pleine nuit. Les soldats du duc Charles-Emmanuel, équipés d'échelles, ont tenté de franchir les murailles de la ville et de surprendre ses habitants endormis. Une ronde a toutefois pu donner l'alarme et les Genevois sont finalement parvenus à repousser l'ennemi hors des murs.

L'assaillant accueilli à la soupe aux légumes chaude

Pendant la période de l'Escalade, les Genevois mangent des marmites en chocolat qu'ils brisent en prononçant la phrase: "Qu'ainsi périssent les ennemis de la République!". Lors de l'assaut de l'armée savoyarde, la Mère Royaume, une habitante de Genève, avait en effet jeté une marmite remplie de soupe aux légumes sur un assaillant.

Le président de la Confédération Johann Schneider-Ammann a été l'invité d'honneur de la manifestation. Le conseiller fédéral a assisté au défilé historique. Un peu plus tôt dans la journée, se pliant à la tradition, il a brisé une marmite en chocolat en compagnie du conseil administratif de la Ville de Genève.

Members of Compagnie 1602, Deguised, perform during commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Members of Compagnie 1602, Deguised, perform during commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Members of Compagnie 1602, Deguised, perform during commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Members of Compagnie 1602, Deguised, perform during commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Members of Compagnie 1602, Deguised, perform during commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro
Commemorative demonstrations of the Fete de l'Escalade, in the old town of Geneva, Switzerland, Sunday, December 11, 2016. The "Fete de l'Escalade" (from escalade, the act of scaling defensive walls) is an annual celebration held in December in Geneva's old town, celebrating the defeat of the surprise attack by troops sent by Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy, during the night of 11th to the 12th December 1602. (KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro)
©KEYSTONE/Cyril Zingaro